12 Environmentalists You Should Know

岩石的游人崇拜Gljufrabui瀑布,冰岛

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环保主义者对我们的生活产生了很大影响,但大多数人不能说出一个着名的环保主义者。以下是12名有影响力的科学家,保护主义者,生态学家和其他莱布布尔歌唱领导者的名单,他们是中央创始人和建筑商green movement.

John Muir,博物馆和作家

Roosevelt And Muir
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约翰穆尔(1838–1914) was born in Scotland and emigrated to Wisconsin as a young boy. His lifelong passion for hiking began as a young man when he hiked to the Gulf of Mexico. Muir spent much of his adult life wandering in—and fighting to preserve—the wilderness of the western United States, especially California. His tireless efforts led to the creation of Yosemite National Park, Sequoia National Park, and millions of other conservation areas. Muir was a strong influence on many leaders of his day, including Theodore Roosevelt. In 1892, Muir and others founded theSierra Club"to make the mountains glad."

雷切尔卡森,科学家和作者

雷切尔卡森
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雷切尔卡森(1907-1964)被许多人视为现代环境运动的创始人。她出生于宾夕法尼亚州农村,她继续在约翰霍普金斯大学和伍兹洞海洋生物实验室研究生物学。在为美国鱼类和野生动物服务工作后,卡森公布了“周围的海”和其他书籍。然而,她最着名的工作是1962年的有争议的“沉默的春天”,其中她描述了杀虫剂对环境的破坏性效果。虽然被化学公司和其他人掌握,但是卡森的观察结果被证明是正确的,而且像DDT这样的农药最终被禁止了。

Edward Abbey,作者和猴书

Edward Abbey(1927–1989) was one of America's most dedicated—and most outrageous—environmentalists. Born in Pennsylvania, he is best known for his passionate defense of the deserts of America's Southwest. After working for the National Park Service in what is now Arches National Park in Utah, Abbey wrote "Desert Solitaire," one of the seminal works of the environmental movement. His later book, "The Monkey Wrench Gang," gained notoriety as an inspiration for the radical environmental group Earth First!—a group that has been accused of eco-sabotage by some, including many mainstream environmentalists.

Aldo Leopold,生态学家和作者

Aldo Leopold(1887-1948)被一些人认为是荒野保护和现代生态学家的教父。在耶鲁大学学习林业之后,他为美国森林服务工作。虽然他最初被要求在联邦土地上杀死熊,美洲狮和其他掠夺者,因为由于抗议当地牧场主的要求,他后来通过了更加全面的荒野管理方法。他最着名的书籍“沙县阿尔曼克,”仍然是最雄辩的保存荒野的乞讨之一。

朱莉娅山,环境活动家

朱莉娅山
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Julia "Butterfly" Hill(1974年出生)是今天最活跃的环保人士之一。在1996年在车祸中几乎垂死后,她将生命致力于环境原因。近两年来,山上居住在北加州北加州古老红木树(她命名为Luna)的分支中,以拯救它被削减。她的树立坐成为国际事业Célèbre,山仍然参与了环境和社会原因。

亨利大卫梭罗, Author and Activist

亨利大卫梭罗
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亨利大卫梭罗(1817-1862)是美国第一名哲学家作家活动家之一,他仍然是最具影响力的作家之一。1845年,梭罗 - 幻想破灭了大多数当代生活 - 独自生活在他建造在马萨诸塞州瓦尔登池塘岸边的一个小房子里。他花了整个简化生活的两年是“瓦尔登,或树林里的生命”的灵感,这是对所有环保主义者认为必须阅读的生命和性质的冥想。梭罗还撰写了一种叫做“抵抗公民政府(公民不服从)”的有影响力的政治文章,概述了咄咄逼人的政府的道德破产。

Theodore罗斯福,政治家和保护主义者

西奥多·罗斯福
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It might surprise some that a famed big-game hunter would make it onto a list of environmentalists, but西奥多·罗斯福(1858–1919) was one of the most active champions of wilderness preservation in history. As governor of New York, he outlawed the use of feathers as clothing adornment in order to prevent the slaughter of some birds. While president of the United States (1901–1909), Roosevelt set aside hundreds of millions of wilderness acres, actively pursued soil and water conservation, and created over 200 national forests, national monuments, national parks, and wildlife refuges.

Gifford Pinchot,Forester和Centerationist

Gifford pinchot.
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Gifford pinchot.(1865–1946) was the son of a timber baron who later regretted the damage he had done to America's forests. At his insistence, Pinchot studied forestry for many years and was appointed by President Grover Cleveland to develop a plan for managing America's western forests. That career continued when西奥多·罗斯福asked him to lead the U.S. Forest Service. His time in office was not without opposition, however. He publicly battled约翰穆尔over the destruction of wilderness tracts like Hetch Hetchy in California, while also being condemned by timber companies for closing off land to their exploitation.

Chico Mendes., Conservationist and Activist

Chico Mendes.
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Chico Mendes.(1944-1988)最为闻名,因为他努力拯救巴西的雨林从伐木和牧场活动。Mendes来自一系列橡胶收割机,通过可持续地聚集坚果和其他雨林产品来补充其收入。他有助于点燃国际支持,以点燃国际支持。然而,他的活动绘制了强大的牧场和木材利益的埃谋杀了梅德斯by cattle ranchers at age 44.

Wangari Maathai,政治活动家和环保人员

韦拉里马泰
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韦拉里马泰(1940-2011)是肯尼亚的环境和政治活动家。在美国学习生物学后,她回到肯尼亚开始职业生涯,使环境和社会关注的职业生涯。毛子妈妈成立了这一点绿带运动in Africa and helped to plant over 30 million trees, providing jobs to the unemployed while also preventing soil erosion and securing firewood. She was appointed Assistant Minister in the Ministry for Environment and Natural Resources, and in 2004 Maathai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize while continuing to fight for the rights of women, the politically oppressed, and the natural environment.

Gaylord Nelson,政治家和环保主义者

没有其他名称与地球日比这更有关Gaylord Nelson(1916-2005)。返回第二次世界大战后,尼尔森开始作为一个政治家和环境活动家的职业生涯,即持续余生。作为威斯康星州的州长,他创建了一个户外娱乐收购计划,节省了大约一百万英亩的公园。他在制定国家小径系统(包括Appalachian Trail)并帮助通过了旷野法案,清洁空气法案Clean Water Act, and other landmark environmental legislation. He is perhaps best known as the founder of地球日,这已成为环境环境的国际庆祝活动。

大卫博尔,环境活动家

大卫博尔
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大卫博尔(1912-2000)与荒野保存有关,因为他开始作为一个年轻人爬山。Brower于1952年任命了Sierra Club的第一执行董事。未来17年,会员资格从2000到77,000人增长,而本集团赢得了许多环保胜利。然而,他的对抗风格被塞拉俱乐部发射了咆哮者 - 他仍然继续找到地球,地球岛研究所和保护选民联盟的团体。