如何建立一个健康的家,极端梦想版

©.Karawitz建筑,Bessancourt Passivhaus

In a previous post十件事要做一个健康的家我的结论是一个承诺,下一个帖子是如何从头开始建立一个健康的房子。现在几周后,因为任务有点令人生畏,弄清楚这个。But if I was still practicing architecture and a client came to me with a request to do the healthiest house possible, a new build on an open site, (which of course we shouldn’t do but it is a client, right?) in a temperate to cool climate, this is what I might propose these days.

它将建实木。

努尔 - 霍尔茨

©Nur-Holz

我一直是长期以来一直是木头的粉丝,但最近对德国和奥地利的一些技术留下了深刻的印象,用于连接和建造没有胶水的实木面板。treehugger已经表明了布雷斯塔塔,一个铺设型号的木材,Thoma Holz100., a cross-laminated wood held together with dowels, and now here is努尔 - 霍尔茨, with threaded dowels. Solid wood is an all-natural material, is non-allergenic and is “an open-pored, breathable wood surface catalyzed smells and pollutants. The fine smell of essential oils, the typical wood smell, animated to the deep breath.” There is a proven biophilic effect where it has been shown to calm us down and soothe the nerves.实木也适度空气的水分含量。

它将是被动房屋标准。

牙龈被动房子

©Trent Bell / Gologic被动房屋

That’s because wrapping a house in a blanket of insulation to Passive House standard means that it needs very little heating or cooling, eliminating products of combustion either on site or off. But I have also learned from engineer Robert Bean’s健康的加热网站考虑房屋墙的温度是多么重要。所有绝缘都可以节省大量的能量,而是罗伯特票据,

“如果能效方法表示添加绝缘,则室内气候方法可以说,增加绝缘在冬季和夏季较低的MRT [平均辐射温度]中的平均辐射温度较高。”

在一年中的任何时候都坐下来坐下来坐下来的窗户。被动房屋设计非常适合节约能源,但他们真正擅长的地方是其他三大最重要的东西:舒适,舒适和舒适。还有一个舒适的房子,没有草稿,冷凝或冷点,是一个健康的房子。它将与岩棉隔离。

信用:Lloyd改变

Lloyd Alter/cc by 2.0

treehugger已经表明了someplastic foam systems recently that are effective,butRoxul和其他岩棉完全惰性和不含化学品,不可燃烧,无机。它也将缠绕在木结构外,就像苏珊琼斯在她的家里在西雅图,and might well be covered in shou-sugi ban like hers was.

It will be built on stilts.

Juri Troy Architects" data-caption="©" data-expand="300" id="mntl-sc-block-image_1-0-24" data-tracking-container="true">
©. 想把它们做为特洛伊Architects

©想把它们做为特洛伊Architects

Le Corbusier did it "to provide an actual separation between the corrupted and poisoned earth of the city and the pure fresh air and sunlight of the atmosphere above it." And Corb didn’t know about radon gas. Whether it is moisture or radon or vermin, there are a few good reasons to get up off the ground.

但还有细节和绝缘。通过基于高跷,整个房屋可以在绝缘体中包裹,而不使用任何泡沫 - 墙壁中的相同岩棉可以在地板下方。由于没有传统的基础,没有基础的基础的问题。需要仔细细节热桥的需要远远消除。

Thestilts will be helical piles,这只是拧入地面;他们是最不颠覆的基础,使房子能够基本上是混凝土的,因为是的,在我们思想的情况下,混凝土非常可怕。探索上面所示的房子被动房子建在高跷上; Andrew Michler followed a similar path without stilts here.

它将电气电热。

它不会花太多;也许是一些辐射面板。有些人可能想要一个空气源迷你分体式热泵,但这是我想避免的另一个风扇和交流电机。我从来没有习惯过这一点,但现在我真的相信我们更好地生活。

It will have a big honking heat recovery ventilator with a HEPA filter.

Minotair.

Lloyd Alter/ Minotair HRV and heat pump/cc by 2.0

被动房屋设计如此密封,即必须提供新的空气来源,因此HRV是必要的。它将来自浴室的陈旧空气,向卧室提供新鲜空气。空气质量对健康的家庭至关重要;与被动房屋标准建造的木质家庭,您不会获得模具,但仍需要大量的新鲜清洁空气。它甚至可能是一个像这样的单位Minotair,Boreal,带有热泵的HRV建立在机构中,使其成为热交换,加热和冷却。

Planning: It will have a big vestibule with lots of storage.

Villa Savoye sink

沉没在大堂,villa savoye/通过

Shoes should never come into the house. I once was in a house where the designer actually put a bench right across the vestibule so that you had to consciously sit down, take off your shoes and then rotate around to the other side to put on your slippers; there was no way anyone was walking into that house with shoes. You want the outside to stay outside.

Oh, and there will probably be a sink in the hall.

它将有一个可以关闭的独立厨房。

信贷:MargareteSchütte-lihotzky的法兰克福厨房1926

MargareteSchütte-lihotzky的法兰克福厨房1926 /cc by 2.0

我知道这是争议的;这些天每个人都喜欢开放式厨房。但我并不是说服他们是如此好主意。即使用电动而不是气体范围,空气质量也是一个问题。Robert Bean写了:

由于没有管理室内住宅厨房的环境保护法规,您的肺部,皮肤和消化系统已成为一氧化碳,二氧化氮,甲醛,挥发性有机化合物,多环芳烃,细胞和超细颗粒的Soufflé的事实上过滤器和其他与膳食准备相关的污染物。在暴露的室内设计特征中折腾,留下的是污染物以化学薄膜,烟灰和气味的形式积累,类似于吸烟者家庭中发现的内容。

设计有效的排气系统真的很难;很多被动房屋设计师只需使用重新调整的风扇(通常被嘲笑为额头油脂),然后将家庭的HRV处理新鲜空气。我怀疑向外部排气是一个更好的主意,但我们需要一个化妆空气单元来替换丢失的东西。但总是,拥有一个大开放式厨房的想法,随着所有的东西到处都是有利于良好的空气质量。

玻璃厨房

阿里巴巴/玻璃厨房/通孔

In China, where cooking is fast and smokey, you see a lot of this now in high end homes, modern kitchens with floor to ceiling glass. It is separate in terms of air but not separate visually. Perhaps we will see more of this in North America.

Oh, andthe fridge will be very small.

The bathrooms will be very Japanese.

the japanese bath

© The Japanese Bath

如系列所示浴室的历史和设计和我自己的Why am I building such a weird bathroom,浴缸和淋浴将在自己的房间里,厕所在一个单独的房间和坐浴盆座椅上分开。它是在人们身边设计的,而不是管道。

完整的浴室映像

I am torn about whether it should have a composting toilet or not; A good long-drop foam flush toilet, with air exhausted from below, makes for a better smelling washroom without splashing and without putting bacteria into the air when it is flushed, but it doesn’t play well with a bidet toilet seat. Perhaps a traditional bidet, separate from the toilet, is in order.

家具将是葡萄元。

Joanne Koch.

©Bruce Damonte / Joanne Koch

所有那个中世纪的现代家具都是由实木和金属制成的,如果有任何东西到外出气体,那就不复存在了。与地毯不同,盖子可以播出并摇动。

chair ad

Thonet Ad / Via

Then there is the earlier modernist furniture, the Thonet chairs, the Miesian tubular metal chairs; it was all designed to be light and easy to move. Mies wrote:

It therefore promotes comfortable, practical living. It facilitates the cleaning of rooms and avoids inaccessible dusty corners. It offers no hiding place for dust and insects and therefore there is no furniture that meets modern sanitary demands better than tubular-steel furniture.

The wiring will be DC.

迷你室内

Lloyd Alter/ The Minihome does it in DC/cc by 2.0

Outside of the kitchen and laundry, except for our vacuum cleaner, every single electrical device in our house is now powered by direct current, through wall warts, and transformers built into the base of every LED bulb in the house. It is already common in boats, RVs and tiny houses, like the Minihome, to go all DC.

现在是住宅版的时候了PoE,或通过以太网供电, now being done in offices. Then we can get rid of all those transformers and run everything more efficiently, can control it more easily. And although the idea of electrosensitivity is controversial, this can eliminate EMF and WiFi from our houses too, with CAT5 plugs everywhere, really at every electrical point in the house.

使用CAT5而不是传统接线的另一个原因是它可以在PVC自由版本中提供,这是一个用于增压室的低烟零卤素版。这使得可以自由地进行PVC。

有趣的是,所有巨大的木板制造商声称他们的产品屏蔽了EMF,堵塞了高达95%的高频辐射等手机。我能找到的唯一研究表明面板必须是18英寸厚,以做任何好处。
直流电源“慢电量”?

等等,还有更多

这一直都是关于房子和里面的东西。这是一个混凝土的房子,自由泡沫,自由的PVC自由,无阻燃自由,并由最活跃和最健康的材料制成。但是有更多的人需要考虑;服务的东西很重要。电力来自哪里?废水去哪儿了?yabo彩票这些更复杂,技术问题,但这种东西真的在房子之外而不是它。我会尝试在一个单独的帖子中跟进。