How to Help Wildlife and Pets During a Heat Wave

动物可能会在极热期间保持凉爽和水分,但你可以帮助。

欧洲刺猬饮用水
Sally Crossthwaite / Getty Images

你不是唯一一个必须弄清楚如何击败热量的人。宠物可以留在更多内,但他们仍然需要在热浪潮中冒险。野生动物也努力应对热浪和干旱。

Take, for instance, the tiny hedgehog. During one of England's heat waves, thehedgehogs were struggling to stay alive, particularly the babies. They needed water, and there was none to be had.

Luckily, concerned citizens stepped up and made sure hedgehogs had water. It's simple actions that make the difference, and here are some you can take to help wildlife in your area.

保持水流

First and foremost is making sure wild critters have enough water and easy access to it. As theNational Wildlife Federation (NWF) explains, "Having convenient supplies of clean water can make a huge difference to the survival of local wild species such as birds, butterflies and small mammals, during times of extreme heat and drought."

This is especially true for small animals that may not have a wide range, or for animals that are more mobile but become dehydrated.

保持水的水在你的院子里不会要求你保持软管。相反,确保你院子里有一只小鸟,水很干净,清新。(如果您没有Birdbath,请考虑获得一个。)NWF推荐setting up a drip jug near the birdbath,一些将允许水落入小鸟的东西。水的普罗基诺将吸引鸟类到水中。一旦那里,他们会喝酒和冷静。

Birds playing and splashing in a birdbath
小鸟是一种轻松的鸟类来获得一些水。 Marius Peche / Shutterstock

当然,并非所有动物都可以到达Birdbath,你也不一定希望某些动物靠近Birdbath。(看着你,猫。)对于较小的小动物,就像那些先前提到的刺猬一样,提供小的浅碗水是确保它们所需的水合的最佳方式。如果你没有任何小碗,那么皇家防止虐待动物协会动物(RSPCA) recommends将棍子或石头放在更大的碗中,使动物可以在淬火后爬出碗中。

The inclination to leave food out for the critters is understandable, but experts discourage it. The NWF says water is more important to the animals' overall survival — they can get by without food for a bit, but not water — and the RSPCA advises against feeding wildlife.

如果您有花园,那么维护它将有助于缓解者和昆虫。一个特别是郁郁葱葱的花园可以提供一些动物可以渴望的阴影,覆盖覆盖物的床单也会有助于土壤保持潮湿,这将有助于蠕虫和其他昆虫。当然,水在这方面发挥作用,并保持植物浇水将吸引依赖于植物的昆虫。

帮助野生动物进行热量应激

奶牛带到阴影以逃避热量
就像人类一样,阴影也适合动物。 val lawless/Shutterstock

In addition to needing water, animals may require some assistance with heat stress. Animals get overheated and dehydrated, the same as we do, and they manifest some of the same symptoms, including confusion, a loss of balance, and collapsing. If you see animals that are normally in the trees on the ground, or if they're normally nocturnal and you see them during the day, chances are something is wrong.

Aiding wild animals suffering from heat stress can be tricky, and if you don't feel comfortable or safe doing so, don't. Contact animal services or veterinarians instead.

If you do feel comfortable, however, the RSPCA recommends wrapping the animal in a towel and containing it in a cardboard box. Provide the animal with water to drink in a cool, safe area. Dampening the towel or spritzing the animal with mist can also help cool down the critter. Seeking the assistance of professionals, however, is still recommended since human interactions can be stressful for animals. Should you need to transport the animal to a clinic, cool down the car first and minimize the noises inside the car.

And if you're harmed while helping an animal, seek medical assistance as soon as possible.

Protecting your Pets

dog's paw pads
A dog's paws can easily be burned when walking on a hot pavement. 艾米莉·萨克尔/羽毛房

While your dog may not spend hours outside during an intense heatwave, many of these rules still apply. But one element that will affect a dog more than other animals is hot pavement. The asphalt's temperature can reach temperatures much higher than the air and burn your pet's paws. To tell if the pavement is too hot, place the back of your hand on the ground. If it's too hot for your hand, it's too hot for your dog.

"It’s best to stay away from cement pathways as much as possible," Aly DelaCoeur, an animal behaviorist and veterinary assistant in Seattle, toldchewy.com. "But avoiding the cement doesn’t have to mean shying away from exercise."

Vets recommend that you walk your dog in the early morning or late evening hours and on grass as much as possible. If you live in an urban area with little access to green space, you may want to invest in booties to cover your dog's paws. While it may take them a while to adjust to wearing shoes, it can help prevent damage.

在夏天,定期检查您的狗的爪子是否烧伤或干燥,破裂的皮肤。如果它们出现损坏,请涂抹一只狗的软膏。

同一规则适用于猫。虽然,如果猫主要是一个户外猫,那么她已经了解了什么表面炎热而不是走在它们上,“德拉卡德尔说。尽管如此,你还想检查他们的爪子。

一如既往的如果温度过高,最好尽可能让您的宠物保持宠物,并提供大量的水。