The worst nuclear power plant accident in history, the Chernobyl disaster, is now, 26 years later, getting its own big-budget horror movie. Due to open May 26, “The Chernobyl Diaries“是一个超自然的惊悚片，由oren peli（”paranormal活动“）共同编写和生产，似乎是”布莱尔巫术项目“的混合动力器，”山丘有眼睛“disaster tourism扭曲：一群年轻的美国游客因某种原因认为，踏上导游的巡演是一个很棒的想法Pripyat, the once-bustling-now-abandoned Ukrainian city in the shadow of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor. (Note: in reality, Pripyat is indeed open to “extreme tourism” groups although “The Chernobyl Diaries” was not filmed on location.) The daylight tour of Pripyat is unnerving enough (cue to an obligatory shot of a creepy, forsaken baby doll lying in the dirt), but things really get spooky when darkness falls and the Geiger counter-clutching group returns to their vehicle only to discover that it’s been sabotaged by unseen forces.Guess that means they’ll have to spend the night in a radioactive ghost city!
While “The Chernobyl Diaries” risks being labeled as just as insensitive as it is scary given its tragic setting, nuclear-themed popcorn flicks are nothing new. In fact, pissed-off monsters that arise from atomic testing sites and disaster areas are a cherished cinematic tradition dating back to the days of “Godzilla.” During the 1950s, nuclear horror films were all the rage as Hollywood unleashed a stable of mutated radioactive beasts upon moviegoers who left theaters both terrified of the creatures themselves and, of course, the imminent threat of nuclear annihilation at the hands of the Soviet Union.
In the '70s and '80s, atomic creature features died off somewhat and gave way to post-apocalyptic thrillers and flesh-eating humanoid films (for a while there, mutants were all the rage ... double points if they rode motorcycles) that were less about atomic warfare and more concerned with nuclear energy and toxic waste. Perhaps the most important and most terrifying nuclear disaster film of that era, “中国综合征，“在1979年发布，只有两周前Three Mile Island Accident, a partial core meltdown at a nuclear power facility in Dauphine County, Pa. While not a horror movie per se, the fictional concept of “The China Syndrome” — a loss-of-coolant accident in which a nuclear reactor’s core components melt through the crust of the Earth and travel all the way to China — managed to scare the pants off of American moviegoers.
许多现代观众往往无法意识到电影怪物，哥斯拉（或）的无可争议的重量级Gojirain his native Japanese), isn’t just some kind of indestructible reptilian beast that randomly emerged from the sea for the first time in 1954 to wreak havoc on innocent people. Godzilla is actually a metaphor for the ultimate nuclear weapon, a prehistoric beast awakened by atomic testing in the Pacific Ocean and given all sorts of radioactive superpowers (and no, that’s no fire he’s breathing but atomic breath) used to terrorize humans and battle hisKaijuco-stars (Rodan, Mothra, Gamera, Anguirus, et al.). Remarks Peter Wynn Kirby in an excellent opinion piece for theNew York Times福岛Daii之后发表chi nuclear disaster: “Audiences who flocked to 'Gojira' were clearly watching more than just a monster movie. The film’s opening scenes evoked the nuclear explosion in the Pacific and the damaged Japanese bodies so poignant to domestic viewers.Godzilla — relentless, vengeful, sinister — looms as an overt symbol of science run amok.”
Released the same year as the original “Godzilla,” “Them!” is among the first, and perhaps the most quintessential, of a string of Cold War-era “nuclear monster movies” (our apologies to the “Beast from 20,000 Fathoms”) that all feature cranky, oversized creatures summoned by atomic testing. But while Japan has a radiation-breathing sea monster that went on to spawn an entire franchise and countless imitators, America got atomic ants the size of Cadillacs and a not-so-subtle anti-nuclear message at the film’s conclusion: “When man entered the atomic age, he opened the door to a new world. What we may eventually find in that new world, nobody can predict.” And “Them!” hasn’t been the only nuclear-testing-gone-awry monster movie set in the New Mexico desert: There’s “The Hills Have Eyes,” which offers amuchdifferent look at the effects of nuclear fallout has on local populations.
“Fiend Without A Face” (1958)
自然,当平民的尸体a town near a remote military base start a-pilin’ up, the victims’ brains and spinal cords stolen from their bodies, you’d immediately want to blame space aliens, right? Right. But in the case of the “Fiend Without A Face,” a notable British entry into the atomic creature genre, the brain-slurping bad guys (at first, they’re invisible but eventually develop into slithering, antennaed brain-monsters) are 100 percent homegrown, the result of top-secret nuclear testing at said military base. And naturally, there’s an eccentric retired scientist behind the whole thing as well. Of course, the only way to stop the multiplying creatures from continuing on with their horrific organ-snatching campaign is to destroy the nuclear reactor at the military base. At the film’s conclusion, the film’s hero does just that, causing, in the words of the originalNew York Times审查，“小怪物在炎热的夏日，像毛毛虫一样从树上堕落。”
“The Horror of Party Beach” (1964)
Singled out as one of the first antinuclear films byPBS Frontline, Del Tenney’s drive-in cult classic “The Horror of Party Beach” is the stereotypical 1960s teen beach party flick with an terrifying atomic twist: In addition to the bikini-clad babes, motorbike-riding bad boys, rock ‘n’ roll musical numbers and requisite slumber parties, there’s also a host of seriously ridiculous-looking radioactive monsters that emerge from the sea to stalk and feast on the blood of young, nubile Gidgets-in-training. As was customary of monster movies at this time, these crustacean-liked creatures formed by a nuclear sludge dumped into the ocean show gender bias as to whom exactly they terrorize ... if you’re a twistin’ teeny-bopper sporting XY chromosomes, they really couldn’t be bothered.
“The Chain Reaction” (1980)
Earthquakes! High-speed car chases! Erased memories! Cover-ups! Nuclear waste storage facilities! Frequently and mostly accurately described as "'Mad Max' meets 'The China Syndrome,'" this acclaimed Australian hit from 1980 (not be confused the 1996 Morgan Freeman/Keanu Reeves thriller) is more of a stunt-driven action flick than a straight-out horror movie. Still, the storyline is nightmarish: An injured man with radiation-induced amnesia who “knows too much” is relentlessly pursued by murderous thugs wearing scary contamination suits. And on the topic of nightmarish, if you keep your eyes peeled, you’ll catch none other than “Mad Max” himself, Mr. Mel Gibson, in a small, uncredited role as an auto mechanic.
“The Children” (1980)
Released in the wake of the worst nuclear power plant accident in American history, the Three Mile Island Accident, “The Children” is a low-budget zombie film暨antinuclear parable filled with bad acting, a screeching score courtesy Harry Manfredini (“Friday the 13th”) and a storyline that’s pretty much every parents’ worst nightmare: On the way home from school, a school bus filled with youngsters passes through a cloud of radioactive gas (what do you know, there had just been a major accident at ye olde local nuclear power plant). As a result of the chemical exposure, the children of Ravensback, Mass., are transformed into half-catatonic, black finger-nailed creeps who are really big on hugging. Yes, hugging. As the film explores in gory detail, hugging your atomic zombie child back is areally馊主意。
Crime. Corruption. Crumbling infrastructure. Residents of New York City in the early 1980s had enough to worry about as it was let alone the fact that homeless people living in the city’s network of abandoned subway tunnels were coming in contact with radioactive waste (secretly stashed there by theNuclear Regulatory Commission, naturally) that transformed them into murderous mutants or, more precisely, Cannibalistic Humanoid Underground Dwellers. Although the concept of “C.H.U.D” is ridiculous — as anApril Fools’ Day jokein 2002, the Criterion Collection announced it planned to reissue the movie on Blu-ray and DVD — the movie does have some terrifying moments involving glowing-eyed freaks ascending to the city streets from beneath manhole covers. Plus, it stars Daniel Sternand约翰听到谁在六年后重申了一个不同种类的恐怖电影：“独自家”。
“Class of Nuke ‘Em High” (1986)
Like all films (see: “Poultrygeist: Night of the Chicken Dead” and “Sgt. Kabukiman, N.Y.P.D.“）由斯科克工厂生产Troma Entertainment, the plot of “Class of Nuke ‘Em High” defies easy description. In his纽约时报评论，评论家Vincent Canby荣耀，首先澄清了电影在旁边的新泽西高中举行，该电影旁边是一个有疑惑的核电站“，这是排水管，看起来好像他们被偷走了七个原来的房子Gables。“解释了坎比：“当学校的唯一书学生犯下喝着绿色的液体时，他从喷泉涌出，他在嘴里和耳朵泡沫，跳出一个窗户。Tromaville的人们并不擅长将两人和两人放在一起。他们责怪男孩对他拥有两个微波炉的事实的奇怪行为。穷人，处女克里斯，最甜蜜，最漂亮的女孩在高级班上，当她抽吸放射性土壤中的大麻时，让她年轻的生活中的第一个错误。她马上和她的男朋友睡觉，第二天，生下放射性蝾螈。“
“The Hills Have Eyes” (2006)
While horror maestro Wes Craven’s 1977 shocker only hints at the fact that the film’s antagonists — a clan of deformed, deranged hill-dwellers who terrorize a wholesome, road-tripping American family — were mutated by radioactive fallout, Alexandre Aja’s exceedingly gruesome 2006 remake of “The Hills Have Eyes” plays up the whole Cold War-era nuclear testing backstory and then some. In fact, one of the “incestuous cannibalistic gnashing slobberers” himself — a particularly unsightly fellow named Big Brain — is considerate enough to说明他的“核心家庭”的起源到他的血腥的预期受害者之一：“你的人民要求家人离开城镇，你摧毁了我们的家园。我们进入了矿山，你掀起了你的炸弹，把一切都变成了灰烬。你让我们成为我们所做的一切。繁荣！繁荣！繁荣！”这个故事所讲的道德？不是每个看起来像“Goonies”的人“懒洋洋”想要成为你的朋友。此外，在新墨西哥沙漠中的荒凉核试验场地旅行时，它真的有助于让您在您的RV旅行时与您有忠实的德国牧羊犬。