Philly Puts the Brakes on Electric Scooter Rollout

虽然从环境的角度来看,但毫无疑问,E-Scooters在他们介绍的城市中引发了争议。在费城揭开他们的计划现在已经停止了。(照片:Robyn Beck / AFP / Getty Images)

8月,费城询问者写了一篇关于无靠泊的电动滑板车如何在几十个引入它们的城市里播下“混乱和愤怒”的文章-有时没有警告-作为一种乐趣,Faddish,免费排放方式来解决。

Proponents of e-scooters view them as a viable solution to the "last mile" issue that has vexed cities for some time. Even in cities like Philadelphia, which has an extensive subway system, public transportation options can still be geographically inconvenient, leading some to ditch trains and buses altogether and commute by car. Like bike share programs, e-scooters are viewed as a bridge of sorts-一种完成最终腿的手段,否则从脚下或通过像Lyft这样的汽车股份服务才能脱颖而出。

呼吁电子摩托车是一个“两轮侵入性物种”,询问者想知道费城是否是下一个主要的城市被围困-或祝福,取决于您的意见-with them.

根据城市官员的反应谈论电子摩托车在其他城市如何(不好,大多数情况下,尽管用户的热情大多数),询问者得出了答案,答案是一个大的脂肪“也许”。

Now, weeks later, that "maybe" has evolved into a hard "no" with news that motorized scootersare not street legal每宾夕法尼亚州法律。

The revelation comes with Philadelphia officials prepped and readied for an inevitable e-scooter rollout that may not come. In recent months, city officials have worked to introduce rules that they hoped would help mitigate the drama and frustration that has ensued in other cities where e-scooters have materialized before regulations could be formalized.

“我认为我们已经漂亮地漂亮,”这座城市的自行车和行人规划项目经理Aaron Ritz告诉了费城积极的方法的调查。然而,RITZ注意到,宾夕法尼亚州交通部发布的2017年事实表使其明确明确表示电动踏板车“不能在宾夕法尼亚巷道或人行道上运营。”亚博彩票买lol

It's this fact sheet that prompted Philadelphia to change course in September and, for the time being, halt any future rollout plans. Just two months earlier, the city had passed an ordinance that regulates fleets of dockless two-wheeled vehicles, which includes bike share programs and, theoretically, dockless e-scooters.

但是对于E-Scooters被认为是费城(或骨架状态的任何城市)的街道法律模式,所以需要在国家车辆代码中大修。并颁布车辆代码的变化,需要介绍立法。这是费城的过境官员似乎不渴望追求。

“这座城市没有积极的作用,”丽兹向雅虎解释了金融。“我们非常紧张地是主要城市的其他地方被发现过夜。”

在圣莫尼卡的鸟车手
Popular scooter-share schemes have faced considerable backlash in cities like Santa Monica. Critics believe the scooters present a public safety hazard and put pedestrians in danger. (照片:Robyn Beck / AFP / Getty Images)

一个好的,排放减少的想法 - 在纸上

The bad news for Pennsylvanian e-scooter enthusiasts was announced just as scooter startups and their executives descended on Philadelphia for the SmartTransit conference. With the conference in town, an e-scooter rollout didn't seem inevitable — more like imminent. And many Philadelphians were thrilled.

加利福尼亚州的Santa Monica的全球公共政策董事Dave Estrada是镇上的山区,特别是在费城的中心城市中的城镇,公司希望有一天推出1,000瓦西克踏板车-如果需求要求它,可能会更多。

"First off, it's perfectly flat. The streets are wide. There's good bike-lane infrastructure," Estrada tells the Inquirer of Center City. Good bike lane infrastructure is key. Without protected lanes for 2-wheeled vehicles, users of e-scooters, which can travel at up to 15 miles per hour, have taken to sidewalks where they annoy and, in some cases, imperil pedestrians.

今年秋季早些时候,费城经历过E-Scooter虚假警报当伯宾是鸟的主要竞争对手之一,被认为已经在城市推出。事实证明,石灰应用程序上滑板车的精神上的可用性是由于员工在位于费城东北北部的东海岸滑板车存储仓库附近的测试开车。故障促使至少有一个新闻出口宣布,石灰在费城正式推出并披露了两者的位置-是的,只有两个-在应用程序上错误显示的指示器。

那些等待令人兴奋的呼吸的人,为E-Scooters击中费城非常失望。新闻认为这是一个虚假的警报可能是对他人的救济,即城市官员。

电子摩托车在圣地亚哥乱扔垃圾人行道
Dockless电动滑板车几乎可以丢弃。随后的用户找到并使用智能手机应用程序“解锁”可用滑板手。 (照片:Mario Tama / Getty图片)

这一切都说,有某物要喜欢滑板车共享方案,抛开国家特定的合法性问题。每位埃斯特拉达,电子摩托车可以帮助缓解网格划船城市的车辆交通,减少排放,并为上述“最后一英里”的宽度提供解决方案。更重要的是,许多自行车倡导者查看电子摩托车用户不像伴随着融合共同的好处:

写彼得亚麻适用于骑自行车的杂志:

而不是争夺人行道的剧,骑自行车者和滑板车(和行人)应该共同努力,在每个美国社区中创造更多的共用安全街道。我们的许多城市街道似乎根本破碎 - 不必要的危险,堵塞了灵魂破碎的交通,设计了更像是对每个人的公共空间的微型高速公路。

然而,由于糟糕的新闻和安全问题,Ritz这样的运输官员在很大程度上谨慎地对常规人行道杂乱无章的摩托车踏板车。尽管这一事实上,在10个不同的城市进行了7,000人的调查发现公众持有a一般认为时尚的两轮交通工具。该调查还发现,各种各样的人-特别是那些收入和女性较低的人-是接受E-Scooter共享方案,破碎鸟,石灰和类似初创公司的刻板印象在富裕湾区“Tech Bros”中完全受欢迎。

诉讼、电池火灾和猖獗的破坏行为

那么,E-Scooter共享初创公司的安全问题有多大?让我们说头条新闻没有太好。

9月,前三名已知死亡人数涉及E-Scooters发生在华盛顿州,D.C.,克利夫兰和达拉斯,引发了更大的应用程序审查。

非致命事故,伤害和意外也有人受到国家的关注。十月,一个对鸟类和石灰的诉讼诉讼was filed in California by a group of nine plaintiffs who have been maimed by e-scooters, accusing the startups of "gross negligence." Bird fired back to news of the suit with a statement saying that "class-action attorneys with a real interest in improving transportation safety should be focused on reducing the 40,000 deaths caused by cars every year in the U.S."

更重要的是,允许允许电子摩托车的城市暂时暂时猛拉它们,而其他城市,包括加利福尼亚(包括戴维斯)的一系列城市,包括戴维斯和Ventura,主动地完全禁止了它们。

然后有旧金山。它只乘坐城市-所以通常是新技术的测试床,是否居民是否喜欢它-几个短的几周才能宣布电子摩托车的公共滋扰和禁止他们。初始推出不是一个但是缺乏摩托车初创公司的商业许可证被居民的普遍哗然和记录良好的骚动滑板车愤怒的破坏破坏。(他们已经返回一个更规范的一部分d pilot program.) A similar story played out in Bird's hometown of Santa Monica.

In late October, e-scootersmade troubling headlines当石灰从三个加利福尼亚州的市场拉动了2000辆滑板车时-圣地亚哥,洛杉矶和湖泊湖-due to a manufacturing defect that has resulted in battery smoldering and fire. While instances of Lime scooters catching fire has been extremely limited, the company recalled such a high number of units out of an abundance of caution.

“踏板车是一种新的运输方式和石灰,与微动行业一起仍然致力亚博彩票买lol于确保每个人都知道如何安全地骑行,”在一份声明中写了公司。

In addition to American cities, Silicon Valley-headquartered Lime, which also offers dockless bike sharing, operates in numerous cities in countries such as Germany, France, Spain and Mexico. In New Zealand, where the company launched e-bikes in Auckland and Christchurch earlier this year, the country's largest newspaper recently ran an article with a headline that offers agrim assessmentof how things are going back home in the U.S.: "Banned, burning and bruising: Lime scooters overseas."

旧金山的小鸟电动滑板车
在旧金山街道上出现的电子摩托车涌入后几周,官员将停止和停止信件发送到三个竞争对手的初创公司。 (Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

从个人使用到广泛普及的飞跃

在加利福尼亚州以外,它只是令人生畏,跟踪电子踏板车的位置prohibited,他们被允许的地方,他们推出的那里,然后在稍后禁止(有时只是return again)在那里他们被带着模糊的返回计划审判。

找到踏板车(仍然)的一个城市是亚特兰大,鸟在8月正式启动。亚特兰大杂志叫踏板车“有趣,危险,令人兴奋,烦人和不可阻挡。”(简而言之,这就是电动滑板车迅速崛起的故事)华盛顿特区、堪萨斯城、博伊西和巴尔的摩等城市也获得了电动滑板车,而纽约市、西雅图、芝加哥和波士顿目前没有(也许永远不会)。

在盐湖城,电子摩托车是镇周围的景色,虽然是一个彭博社最近的文章由盐湖论坛报重新发布,标题为“电动滑板车革命的血腥后果”并不能在umm中涂上这种“偏振技术趋势”,最安全的灯光:

据医生和受害者介绍,自从去年9月随着小鸟的到来,电动滑板车驶入美国以来,已有数百名骑手和行人因严重的沙砾皮疹、牙齿脱落、脚趾甲撕裂、二头肌脱臼等伤势降落在医院。

在费城,亚伦·丽兹认为与机动滑板车相关的危险 - 雇用来自于当天结束时的概念,他们仍然很大程度上是大小孩玩具意味着个人使用。

“这些产品是为公共使用而设计的产品,这些产品是为消费者市场而设计的,这是一项已经重新展示的,”他告诉询问者,注意到通过该市的Indegego Bike Sill计划提供的自行车专门用于粗糙- 滚动城市环境。“期望需要对公共使用产品搭便的东西是合理的。”(为了其信誉,鸟最近在一些市场推出了更多崎岖的踏板车,包括巴尔的摩和亚特兰大。)

Despite the clear no-go from the city based on Pennsylvania vehicle code, Bird's Estrada still hopes that the scooters-1美元租金,加15美分每分钟-will debut in Center City sooner rather than later. He emphasizes that Philadelphia's fleet will incorporate new technologies geared to prevent accidents, discourage illegal parking and correct other issues that have arisen in cities where e-scooters have been previously introduced.

“我们希望与城市合作,了解何种理由等待什么,以及我们如何帮助效果,”他说。

丽思认为,这个问题最终达到了州官员,而埃斯特拉达及其同行应将其案件带到他们的情况下,而不是专注于说服城市官员。

不管费城人和其他城市居民对电动滑板车的感觉如何-love them, tolerate them or hate them with a fiery passion-there's no denying that car-eschewing tech startups like Bird and Lime can help to lower emissions in cities. But to achieve this, startups and cities need to work in concert. Cities need to be more aggressive in improving street and sidewalk infrastructure so that pedestrians, bikes and other green transport options can exist safely and in harmony with (ideally minimized) vehicular traffic. Scooter sharing startups need to slow down, learn from past mistakes and stop arriving, as was the case in numerous cities, literally overnight without so much as a business permit.

也没有否认电子踏板车租赁对美国文化的文化影响。毕竟,有多少新的城市交通方式得到了亚博彩票买lol“南方公园”治疗在万圣节?