It has been ten months since China closed its doors to the world's recycling yabo彩票waste.For the past twenty years,it had taken enormous quantities of plastic and other recyclable materials from countries such as the United Kingdom,日本以及美国。'Enormous quantities' is not an understatement: the UK shipped two-thirds of its yabo彩票waste to China and the U.S.发送了70%。Overall,中国过去在地球上45%的废物回收利用中占有一席之地。yabo彩票
Needless to say,the decision threw the recycling industry into total chaos because most countries do not have the proper infrastructure in place to deal with their own recycling yabo彩票waste.As a result,许多城市和直辖市限制了其回收能力，并开始填埋或焚烧更多以前可回收的产品。对今年幕后发生的事情感到好奇，as U.S.recyclers struggle to adjust to the change,绿色和平组织进行了一项题为 出土的.' It found that plastic scrap exports from the U.S.plummeted by one third in the first half of 2018 and that other markets have been found in southeast Asia.对泰国的出口增加了近2个，百分之000in Malaysia by 273 percent,and in Vietnam by 46 percent.越南已不堪重负，在6月至10月间暂时禁止进口，吉隆坡的一家塑料加工厂因居民抱怨空气和水污染而被迫关闭。
Unearthed says there is still 280,000公吨塑料未从美国出口。但下落不明，leading investigators to suspect it's being incinerated or sent to landfill.
新市场的崛起有很多原因。As Robin Wiener,CEO of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries,told Unearthed investigators,,
"Some of these countries just don't have the infrastructure in ports or roads to deal with an increase in volume of material.Pop-up recyclers are trying to take advantage of these shifting markets but they are not doing it properly.They are not following industry standards when it comes to environmental,health,and safety practices.""
These are valid concerns,但如果有人认为中国正在进行一个更安全的行动，cleaner recycling program,they should take a few minutes to watch this excerpt from Wang Jiuliang's sensational documentary,,塑料中国.The industry is horrific and dangerous.From aNew York Times rave review关于九良的工作，,
"Thousands of family-run factories operate in the open air shredding the yabo彩票waste plastic into small particles to sell to factories in southern China,which then make them into new plastic goods.The air and nearby rivers are heavily polluted,he found.Workers sifting through the yabo彩票waste with their bare hands are often pricked by used needles.""
Meanwhile,in the United States,过去向城市支付垃圾费的回收者现在转而收取服务费。yabo彩票From the report:
"San Diego is now facing a potential $1.1m annual charge from its yabo彩票waste contractor,which last year provided the city with a $4m income stream.“回收利用的环境效益带来了我们以前在加州从未见过的成本，' Zoe Heller,assistant director of policy development at CalRecycle,California's state yabo彩票waste management agency,出土的'What used to be a very profitable revenue stream is now becoming a cost.'""
Faced with rising bills,it's not a stretch to imagine that some cities will choose to landfill their yabo彩票waste,rather than pay to have it recycled.居民可能会为自己的垃圾付账，yabo彩票either in the form of higher taxes or,佛蒙特州的一个小镇正计划这样做，being charged for their recycling -- which,我必须说，sounds like a smart idea.
我一直认为，如果我们没有能力把浪费送到一个模糊的地方，yabo彩票distant place,and if we had to stash it all in our own backyards indefinitely,moving to zero-yabo彩票waste and reusable packaging would become an obsession.The fact that we've been able to offshore the majority of our yabo彩票waste processing has caused us as consumers to grow complacent and lazy.
这份报告强调了我们多年来一直在就Treehuger争论的问题--that recycling doesn't work.不是感觉好，environmentally-friendly solution that people like to believe it is.What we need is to stop throwing things away,whether it's in the garbage or the blue bin (compost heap excepted).This means making smart,作为消费者的可持续选择，and applying pressure on manufacturers to come up with circular packaging solutions.