您的厨房是否有循环或直接排气罩?我筋疲力尽只是想着它

passive house kitchen

It is a real problem when designing energy efficient homes, and it seems that there is no good solution except ordering in.

我叫厨房排气罩the most screwed up, badly designed, inappropriately used appliance in your home.As houses and apartments get built better and leak less, exhaust hoods become even more problematic. I quoted an expert earlier:

Frying, grilling or toasting foods with gas and electric appliances creates particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, and volatile organic compounds....Emissions of nitrogen dioxide in homes with gas stoves exceed the Environmental Protection Agency’s definition of clean air in an estimated 55 percent to 70 percent of those homes, according to one model; a quarter of them have air quality worse than the worst recorded smog (nitrogen dioxide) event in London.

For designers and occupants of super-insulated houses like those designed to Passivhaus or Passive House standards, it is a serious problem. There are two main kinds of fans -- the recirculating fan that can have different kinds of filters which clean the air as it passes through; they are disparaged by many as “forehead greasers”. Then there are the ones that exhaust directly to the outside; they get rid of all that stinky, greasy air, which then has to be replaced. That’s easy in a draughty old house like mine, but in a tightly sealed Passivhaus design it is a real problem. How much of a problem?
At the recent 22nd International Passivhaus Conference in Munich,Monte PaulsenRDH的James Montgomery是数学的,发现在旧金山,循环风扇将节省高达2.2千瓦时/ m2a。在艾伯塔省的埃德蒙顿较冷,它将节省多达8.6千瓦时/ m2a。鉴于建筑物的总能量消耗不能超过60千瓦时/ m2a,这是一大块失去的能量。难怪大多数被动的房屋设计师使用再循环罩。

信用:Gabriel Rojas / Photo Lloyd Alter

Gabriel Rojas/ Photo Lloyd Alter/cc by 2.0

But do they actually work? Later in the conference, Gabriel Rojas presented his work at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. We all got hungry as he fried onions (which reduced the particle concentration by 50 percent compared to not filtering). Then came salmon cooked in canola oil, which reduced particulates by 45 percent. A couple of slices of toast? 45 percent. Finally, a burger got fried up, which pumped out a lot of particulates.

Gabriel and food

Gabriel Rojas with food/ Photo Lloyd Alter/cc by 2.0

在消化所有这一切之后(比喻,我假设的不是字面上),Rojas的结论是:

在该有限的研究中测试的再循环过滤器在一定程度上降低了房间的颗粒浓度。对于洋葱,鱼类和烘烤事件,由FMPS [快速迁移率粒子Sizer谱仪]测量的总粒子计数约为50%。汉堡的实验发现减少大约20%。

And where do the other half of the particles go? Probably stuck to the walls or those fuzzy objects in the room, or sucked into the HRV system where they probably coat the filters. AsJohn Straube告诉我:

There is a fair bit of experiential evidence that recirculating fan hoods do not remove enough of the pollutants.... Also, many of the contaminants other than coarse grease particles don't get captured — all kinds of gases and particles are released that cannot or are not effectively be captured by grease filters.

什么是设计r or a homeowner concerned about air quality to do? We can’t recommend ordering in from a properly vented commercial kitchen, and giving up burgers is a stretch. But Monte had a few suggestions for recirculating hoods:

  • 需要深度射频引擎盖,更好地捕获效率。
  • 互锁厨师顶部,引擎盖风扇和热回收呼吸机助推器开关。
  • 需要润滑脂和木炭过滤器。
  • 确定范围罩的合理噪声限制。
Wolf-subzerio

狼/没有办法将敞篷罩进入任何东西。/促销镜像

然而,我读了加布里埃尔·罗哈斯的研究,并想知道这并不证明我们是否真的应该在外面排队,即使在帕萨沃斯。在这种情况下,我会添加:

  • Just stop putting gas into homes; induction cooktops work really well now.
  • 把范围放在墙上。这是一个禁智的人,但不会阻止人们在岛上的大范围内把小帽子放在大范围内。
  • Engineer Robert Bean recommends that it be wider than the range, not more than 30 inches from the top, and against a wall. Oh, and the duct runs should be short and straight.

This is a difficult issue, and as I noted ina previous discussion of this, it's frustrating. It seems that there really is no clear answer, that more research is needed, it's complicated and confusing. But then I'm just venting.