Why San Francisco Nixing Parking Minimums Is a Win for the Environment

In San Francisco, fewer city-mandated parking spots means fewer cars on the road, which, in turn, means a drop in greenhouse gas emissions. (Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Buffalo has done it. Colorado Springs has done it. And, late last year, Hartford, Connecticutdid it, too.

现在来消息称,旧金山加入了一个扩大的城市库存,让凯旋对划分规则进行了新建的房屋发展,为居民提供了最少数量的停车位。

立法,作为San Francisco Examiner reports经过12月4日的监督员6-4投票的投票,是最广泛的,与旧金山成为最大的美国城市,在全市的基础上击中此类停车要求,使开发人员提供自由和灵活性在他们想要的时候包括少量停车位。

“本立法绝不会删除开发人员建筑停车的选项”介绍立法,阐明了立法的主管简金道。“如果他们不想,我们只是不需要开发人员建立停车。”

The general thinking is that fewer available parking spaces ultimately leads to fewer cars on the road. And this, of course, means reduced greenhouse emissions for this congestion-plagued California city where vehicles, as in most urban areas, remain amajor source of air pollution.

The move is being heralded as a win for environmentalists, housing advocates, proponents of sustainable development and anyone and everyone who champions methods of getting around the City by the Baywithout私人车辆。

Building construction San Francisco
Moving forward, new construction in San Francisco won't necessarily also mean new parking. (Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Minimums already minimized in many parts of the city

陈旧和不一致的,旧金山的规划代码需要最少数量的新建筑物的停车位可以追溯到20世纪50年代。最初,该市内置的每个新的住房单位都有法律义务,至少有一个偏离街道停车位。因此,例如,1965年建造了80单元的公寓塔,必须配备最少80个单独的停车位。

Over the years as the city has grown, the rules have been relaxed in several zoning areas. Today, the minimum number of parking spaces that developers are required to provide varies by the size of the building in question as well as its location. Residential developments in close proximity to public transit — BART, in particular — have been required to provide less dedicated parking than developments further from mass transit since the 1970s. In some parts of city, the minimums have already been eliminated altogether.

And in neighborhoods where the minimums haven't been loosened, some developers have come to rely on legal loopholes (the installation of dedicated on-site bike parking being one) to further drive down the number of required parking spaces in their projects. This impetus to不是include off-site parking is due largely to the exorbitant cost involved with providing it. PerNext City, the cost to build a new parking spot in San Francisco is second only to Honolulu, where the price tag attached to a single underground parking space is a staggering $38,000.

金的提案 - 遏制举报that it enjoyed early popularity amongst residents when presented during public meetings — simply expands the no-minimum rules.

除了新住房,丢弃城市最低parking rules also applies to new commercial development. This isn't likely to cause major shockwaves amongst commuters in the city given that, as Next City explains, San Francisco has one of the lowest proportions of car commuters in the entire county.

Making room for more housing, not parking

要重申,旧金山开发商可以 - 并且可能会 - 继续满足停车最少。

在通过旧金山规划部门的城市设计师的立法通过之前,保罗·克森,告诉审查员that residents in certain parts of the city will still likely demand that a certain number of parking spaces be provided at new residential developments although, to be clear, parking最大值will not be increased.

"They operate under political constraints where the neighborhoods will probably pressure them to build parking," he says of the developers who will continue to provide off-street parking as normal.

Developers who choose to eschew the minimums are presented with a new world of opportunity. Instead of spending a pretty penny to meet the required number of parking spots, they could — gasp — use those funds to build more places for people to live, not places for people to park their cars. And in housing-strapped San Francisco, more money, time and physical space dedicated to additional housing is no small deal. Developers could also dedicate land that would have otherwise been reserved for parking to create green space, additional bicycle parking, you name it.

"There is no good reason for the city to force the private market to produce parking spaces for every housing unit built," Arielle Fleisher, a transportation policy associate with venerable Bay Area nonprofit SPUR, tells the Examiner. "Eliminating minimum parking requirements reduces the cost of producing new housing and enables us to use our land more efficiently by replacing spaces for cars with spaces for people."

公寓出租在旧金山
需要您的闪闪发光的新SF公寓,享受街边停车位?一旦给出,那将不再是保证。 (Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

'一个非常重要的政策步骤'

基于旧金山监事会的成员投票的方式,显然有些关于金立法的严重保留。

作为审查员报告,该营地包括董事会主席Malia Cohen,他们投票反对该提案,并表示关切的是,消除新发展的最低限度的偏离街边停车位可能会对她的地区产生有害的影响,这与其他人有不利的影响该市的地区以及大量的家庭和老年人“依靠他们的车辆作为最安全,最方便的交通选择。”亚博彩票买lol

金土地利用和运输委员会的一名成员,Kim遭到潜在影响,这一举措可能特别是亚博彩票买lol发展本身,并指出该市现有的过境政策的有效性。“这在许多方面都有专业的形式。但仍然是一个非常重要的政策步骤,”她说。

This all being said, the ultimate aim of the legislation isn't just to formalize. It also seeks to encourage other major cities that are looking to institute, loosen or expand parking minimums beyond their downtown cores. It's one thing if Hartford does it. But with San Francisco doing it, too, this significantly ups the ante for other "major" American cities to follow suit. (Not that Hartford and the growing list ofother citieswith relaxed or eliminated parking minimums for new development are small potatoes.)

随着环境和行人/骑自行车的宣传团体,旧金山总部乘坐服务Lyft还推出了Kim的条例背后的支持,称之为“城市的里程碑时刻,以规划其规划要求。”

读到来自Lyft和Pro-Development Group Yimby行动的主管委员会发送联合信:

需要停车有助于培养汽车所有权的范式。为了帮助加利福尼亚符合我们的气候目标,我们必须停止鼓励城市居民到处驾驶,使我们的城市更加污染,拥挤和孤立。汽车所有权不仅影响土地利用对宏观水平,而且影响到街道层面的一切。它鼓励宽阔的道路,街头停车,最终使我们的街道变得更少绿色和安全的其他交通方式,如行走,骑自行车,踏板车,骑士和公共交通。亚博彩票买lol

Lyft当然有自己的特殊年代的理由upporting nixed parking minimums given that it could, first and foremost, be a boon for ride-sharing programs. Fewer San Franciscans who own and operate private cars means more potential customers for Lyft. Per local CBS affiliateKPIX, Supervisor Norman Yee, who voted against the legislation, sees this as problematic as it "could increase the number of ride-hailing service cars such as Uber and Lyft clogging city streets."

The ordinance will be subject to a second vote by the Board of Supervisors, which will be held next week. A spokesperson for Mayor London Breed, who ultimately has the power to veto the legislation, has signaled that she is in favor of it.